Ovarian Cyst Symptoms
  Ovarian Cyst Symptoms and Related Conditions


Follicular Cyst

Follicular Cyst

If you are wondering what is a follicular cyst you've come to the right page. A very common gynecological condition, it is one of several types of cysts on ovaries. Follicular cysts are the most likely type of ovarian cyst a woman will get.

Millions of women each year will develop follicular cysts on ovaries. Women from all walks of life, genetic backgrounds and parts of the world will be affected by this condition. Most women who develop follicular cysts are in their childbearing years but some may be post-menopausal or pre-puberty.

Nearly all follicular cysts are benign (non-cancerous). Cancer is more likely to occur in women who are past menopause (over 50). Cigarette smoking has been linked to an increase in functional cysts, which includes follicular and corpus luteum types.

Usually filled with only fluids and no solid mass this kind of cyst is a simple ovarian cyst. Other names for it include follicular ovarian cyst, ovarian follicular cyst and follicular cyst of ovary. Like a corpus luteum cyst, a follicular cyst is considered a functional cyst because it arises from the function of ovulation.

Follicular Cyst Development

A follicular cyst may develop when an ovary follicle (egg sac) does not release the egg normally at the end of ovulation. This is usually caused by a lack of the hormone LH (luteinizing hormone) that triggers the opening of the follicle. The follicle instead stays sealed up and becomes a cyst that can last for a few weeks to a several months before it shrinks and disappears normally. In some instances the cyst may not go away on its own and will require treatment. Follicular cysts can also arise when a follicle stops growing and shrinks or deflates suddenly.

Follicular cysts start out the size of a pea and don't usually grow much larger than a two to four inches in diameter. If a cyst expands too fast however, it may stretch the thin wall surrounding its contents. In addition to causing pain, this can result in a ruptured follicular cyst. In some extreme cases the cyst can bleed excessively, becoming a hemorrhagic follicular cyst.

A ruptured ovarian cyst can be a serious medical emergency that can result in infection, hemorrhaging, and adhesions. If you have symptoms such as fever, vomiting, severe pain or excessive bleeding get help right away.

Follicular Cyst Symptoms

Symptoms are like those of ovarian cyst symptoms in general. Ovarian cancer symptoms are also be similar and should be considered. Not all women will have the same symptoms, but in general pain, abdominal pressure, and irregular bleeding are typical of this condition. Many women will have no symptoms and find out they have a follicular cyst during a routine pelvic exam.

Pain is the most common symptom with follicular cysts. Many things can trigger pain including the cyst expanding too fast, it twisting and cutting off its own blood supply, and bleeding or rupturing of the cyst. Sharp, shooting pain on one side of the body may indicate on which ovary the cyst is located. Many women report pain occurring about halfway into their menstrual cycle around the time of ovulation.

Abdominal bloating and cramping is another common symptom. Pressure or feeling of fullness may result from the cyst pressing upon organs in the pelvis. Some women feel nausea from the abdominal pressure and intense pain caused by a follicular cyst.

Irregular bleeding is a sign of many ovarian cysts. Heavy menstrual flow is typical, as is spotting between periods. Some women experience a delayed cycle or one that is more painful than usual.

Follicular Cyst Treatment

Follicular cysts are generally the easiest types of cysts on ovaries to treat and the most likely to resolve successfully. Treatment choices take into account a woman's age, the size and number of cysts, and the growth of the cyst as interpreted from an ultrasound.

Diagnosis usually involves an ultrasound and a pelvic exam. Ultrasound will allow the detection of most cysts except when they are too small to be seen. A pelvic exam helps in the diagnosis by locating the cyst as a lump or enlargement on the ovary.

Surgery is not usually necessary unless the cyst is especially large or causing severe symptoms like sharp pain or excessive bleeding. When surgery is advised, the primary concern should be to preserve a woman's reproductive organs as much as possible for childbearing.

Contrary to what some may believe, birth control pills are not an effective follicular cyst treatment. While they may help prevent the development of future cysts on ovaries, they do nothing to make an existing one go away.




Ovarian Cyst Symptoms Treatment