Dermoid Ovarian Cyst
Dermoid Ovarian Cyst
Many women ask the question what is a dermoid ovarian cyst? It is a kind of sac or pouch growing on an ovary
that is filled with bits and pieces of different tissues such as bones, hair, teeth, and skin. When containing both
solid and liquid matter, such as oily secretions or blood, it may be referred to as a complex ovarian cyst. One of
several types of cysts on ovaries, it is also called an ovarian dermoid cyst,
dermoid cyst on ovary, ovarian neoplasm, and cystic teratoma.
Millions of women in their childbearing ages from puberty to menopause are affected. The typical age for this
condition is about 29-30. In some women this kind of cyst may develop early on in her life, even at the time of her
birth. The cyst may go unnoticed until it gets very large in size or ruptures.
Sometimes the cyst will first be noticed with an activity such as childbearth, sexual intercourse, exercise, or
injury. If disturbed the cyst may become irritated or even rupture causing the contents to spill out onto the
ovaries or other pelvic organs. A ruptured ovarian cyst can cause
complications such as adhesions, inflammation and infection. If not treated these may present serious health issues
or medical emergency. To prevent rupture and increased pain that results from it you may be advised to limit
strenuous physical activity.
The exact dermoid ovarian cyst causes are unknown but their development is understood. These cysts develop from
a special kind of cell called a "germ cell" in the tissue of the ovary. Germ cells are normal body cells that can
grow into a variety of types of body tissues including fat, hair, skin, teeth, eyes, and glands. Dermoid ovarian
cysts grow slowly and typically range in size from an inch to over a foot in thickness in rare cases. About 85% of
the time a women will have cysts on just one of her ovaries.
Dermoid Ovarian Cyst Pictures
Dermoid Ovarian Cyst Symptoms
Symptoms from a dermoid ovarian cyst are much like those of ovarian cyst
symptoms in general. Other conditions also have similar signs, including endometriosis symptoms and ectopic pregnancy. As a cyst expands in size it
may put pressure on the ovary or other organs causing symptoms to become more severe. In some cases a dermoid
ovarian cyst will cause the ovary to twist or distort and cut off its blood supply. Not all women will experience
equal intensity of symptoms. A small number of women will have no dermoid ovarian cyst symptoms while most will
experience a range from mild to severe.
Pelvic pain in the area from the stomach to the hips is the most common symptom. Abdominal and lower back pain
are also reported by many women, either as a constant ache or sharp shooting pain. Some women will experience pain
during sex, emptying of the bowels, and Late or missed periods, excessively heavy flow, and spotty bleeding can
also indicate a dermoid ovarian cyst is present. Fever, lightheadedness, vomiting and nausea are also reported by
women with a dermoid cyst on ovary.
Dermoid Ovarian Cyst Removal
Most women will need to have the cyst removed. In many cases she will be advised that dermoid ovarian cyst
surgery is the only option for treatment. Traditional, open surgery is more likely to be performed on larger cysts.
Laparascopy, a less invasive method is often used for smaller dermoid ovarian cysts. More complicated surgery may
be necessary if the cyst is very large. It is critical to remove the cyst intact without rupture during the
procedure to avoid complications. The ovary may need to be removed in some cases depending on the growth of the
cyst and the possibility of cancer.
In recent years more cases of pregnant women with dermoid ovarian cysts have been discovered. In these
situations the decision to remove the cyst usually depends upon the size of the cyst and the trimester of
pregnancy. The most clear cut case for removal is a women in her second trimester having a cyst larger than a few
inches. Removal may affect a woman's fertility if too much scar tissue forms as a result of surgery.
Dermoid Cyst Ovarian Cancer
While considered a dermoid ovarian tumor, only in a small number of cases (2%) does a dermoid ovarian cyst develop into cancer. The majority of ovarian dermoid cyst
cases (98%) are benign. Women over the age of forty are much more likely to develop cancer from an ovarian cyst.
Women with relatives who had ovarian cancer are more at risk and should be checked regularly if any ovarian cyst symptoms are present. If and when a malignant cyst is found, it will have to be
removed as soon as possible.