Women with ovarian cyst symptoms often want to know about cysts on
ovaries to help understand their condition. They may want to learn what are ovarian cysts, and who is affected
by them. Many women are also interested in learning about ovarian cyst causes and how an ovary cyst
develops. Some may not know that there are different types of ovarian cysts and that the type is critical to
understanding ovarian cyst symptoms.
What are cysts on ovaries?
A cyst on ovary (ovarian cyst) is a thin-walled sac filled with fluids or solids that grow on or inside the
ovaries. Ovaries are the egg producing and storing organs of the female reproductive system. When a woman has
symptoms of ovarian cysts there is a good chance that a cyst on ovary is present.
Who is affected by cysts on ovaries?
Ovarian cysts are very common in women, especially during their reproductive years (typically ages 15 to 55). In
fact, it is estimated that nearly all women will at some point during their lifetime have an ovarian
cyst. Millions of women each year no matter what nationality or genetic background they come from will
endure symptoms that range from mild to life threatening.
How do cysts on ovaries develop?
At the time eggs are produced by the ovaries (ovulation) and ready to pass to the fallopian tubes a cyst on ovary
can begin to grow. Ovarian cyst symptoms can occur at any time from the beginning to the end of the development of
a cyst. Keep in mind that symptoms do not always show up early on in the development of an
Ovarian Cyst Causes
Many women want to know what causes cysts on ovaries and the ovarian cyst symptoms they experience.
Usually, a woman’s lifestyle or diet is not the cause of an ovary cyst. Injuries, either internal or
external also do not typically cause ovarian cysts.
Functional cysts result when the regular function of ovulation ends abnormally. Functional ovarian cysts
are the most common type of cyst on ovary. Usually these types of cysts disappear on their own in a few menstrual
cycles and do not cause pain or harm. Two types of functional ovarian cysts can occur: a follicular cyst and a
corpus luteum cyst. A follicular cyst is rarely harmful and usually do not cause pain or other ovarian cyst
symptoms. Women with a corpus luteum cyst often experience pain from this kind of cyst expanding too large,
bleeding, or causing twisting of the ovary.
Abnormal ovarian cysts may also result from too much or too little of one of the female reproductive hormones
estrogen or progesterone. One example of an abnormal ovarian cyst occurs in polycystic ovarian syndrome
Cysts on ovaries can develop into different types. The type of cyst can influence the kind of ovarian cyst symptoms that a woman will experience. Signs and symptoms can vary because the
development of each type is different.
Types of cysts on ovaries
Follicular cyst -develops when a woman's egg
sac (follicle) does not release the egg.
Corpus luteum cyst - a follicle
that releases the egg it contains normally but seals up prematurely instead of remaining to secrete
hormones as it should. Ruptured ovarian cysts often result from a corpus luteum cyst that has swelled too
Dermoid ovarian cyst – a kind of
tumor from tissues of the ovary that develop abnormally. These cysts contain tissues such as skin, hair, teeth, and
bone. A dermoid ovarian cyst can be cancerous.
Chocolate cyst – also called
an endometrioma cyst or endometrioma because it is filled with dark, old blood and occur when endometrial
patches (lining of the uterus) attach to the ovary.
Polycystic ovaries - when multiple tiny egg
follicles develop on the ovaries, often as a result of hormonal imbalance.
Ruptured ovarian cyst – a cyst that is
twisted or rotated may a become a burst cyst. Ovary cyst rupture can lead to excessive bleeding and infection.
Complex ovarian cyst – a cyst that
contains both solid mass and fluid.
Hemorrhagic ovarian cyst – a cyst filled with
Cystadenomas – cells from the outside tissues of the ovary develop into this kind
Doctors don't know everything about cysts on ovaries, their causes, and
different types. But most of what is known you can find on this webpage. We hope you learned something and found
this information useful. Thank you for visiting.